of the Kremlin, for once Poland, the most valuable and well-defended
position, had been lost, there could be no checking the Moscow conqueror.
In October 1943, Stalin accomplished his vital break-through in the
Polish Sector when by the Moscow Agreement he was able to gain
the consent of his partners to the occupation of the Polish Republic
without giving any guarantee to that country and without their
control. The succeeding diplomatic coup was achieved by Stalin at
Teheran when Churchill and Roosevelt agreed to the partition of Poland,
Throughout the year which followed both British and American diplomacy
did their utmost to gain the consent of the Polish Government to this
carving-up of their country. They were to fail, but in the meantime the
Kremlin was preparing its own governmental apparatus to instal in
Poland—the Union of Polish Patriots—afterwards known as the People's
National Council, which was established in Poland (following the advance
of the Red Army) as the ' Lublin Committee.' Although gradually
giving ground and in effect consenting to Poland's inclusion within the
orbit of the Soviets' influence, the Allies still protested mildly—mainly
as a sop to the raised voices of indignation in their countries. Finally
they capitulated at Yalta where they resigned from the restoration of
Poland's independence. The sovereign rights of the Polish Government
were transferred into the hands of the Russian Foreign Commissar.
The participation of the British and American Ambassadors in the
Commission of Three, was merely a rather pitiful attempt to save face.
Stalin's next move was to arrest the Polish leaders, Home Cabinet and
political leaders, some of whom had been earmarked by London and
Washington as the members of the future Polish Government, and to
stage their trial. The arrest of Poland's legal representatives was proof
in itself that this latest Yalta edition of the * independence of Poland'
was merely a farce. The addition of two or three democrats to the group
of Communist agents, who had changed the title under which they worked
from the c Lublin Committee/ to the c Polish Provisional Government *
did not alter the fact that in reality this body remained as before, the
instrument of the Kremlin, faithfully carrying out its orders, while the
entire activities were undertaken solely in the interest of the Soviets.
In the palace of Frederick II, in Potsdam, the same Sans Souci where
one hundred and fifty years before that King had planned the partition
of Poland, the work of he and his accomplices, Marie Therese and
Catherine the Second, was out-matched by the representatives of Great
Britain, United States and Russia. Thus the Polish problem was not
solved at Potsdam, it was merely made more difficult and involved.
From Poland was taken half the country which belonged to her by every
right of God and man, and, as a new Soviet Republic she was handed as
c compensation ' lands wrested from the conquered Germans.
The law of the steppes was to prevail in Europe. Only a strong Russia
could maintain this law, and if German dynamism will not be completely